Hops have been used for at least 10 000 years, originally in Asia, both in beer brewing and as a medicine. They are distantly related to both stinging nettles and cannabis. Hops work well both on their own and when combined with other herbs.
Hops is a strong sedative, anti-spasmodic, and nervine. It is best used as an alcohol extract, as the medicinal components are primarily in the resin found on the plant, which is not highly water soluble. Hops is so strong however, that tea is still an effective method of ingestion. It is primarily used as a sleep aid, although hops could be used in smaller doses for anxiety or nerve pain during the day.
Acylphloroglucides, humulone, lupolone, valerianic acid, humulene, tannins, estrogenic substance, kaempferol, quercetin, rutin, chalcones, aspargin.
Hops is related to the Sumerian goddess Ninkasi, who is the goddess of brewing and beer. Beer was primarily brewed by monks in the middle ages, and because of this there is many mention of hops in monastic writings from that time.